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2014美国大学文书题目整理及写作指导|申请季之巨献

2014-08-25 10:36 未知整理 jqjyeditor申请攻略 人阅读
摘要

Why Essay 在大学申请文书中一个常见的supplement就是所谓的why essay,大致上问学生你为什么想来我们这所学校? 我们这里哪里吸引你?等等。在这种问题面前就很容易区分学生是否真的对这所学校有passion 或fit。要回答好这类问题申请者必须表现出对学校的了



Why Essay
    在大学申请文书中一个常见的supplement就是所谓的why essay,大致上问学生“你为什么想来我们这所学校?” “我们这里哪里吸引你?”等等。在这种问题面前就很容易区分学生是否真的对这所学校有passion 或fit。要回答好这类问题申请者必须表现出对学校的了解,学校文化/氛围的认可,和对自己未来展望的认知。

    你要让学校觉得,冥冥之中居然遇到了你,真是缘分呐 !

第一步:了解学校
    通过各种渠道去了解这个学校的特色,找出这个学校吸引你目光的地方,不论大小。
1) 大学官网
2) US News
3) Princeton review
4) 校友
5) 学校的巡展活动
6) Collegeconfidential
 
第二步: 了解自己
    一般情况下当申请者写到whyessay 的时候应该已经到了申请中期,也就是说已经通过头脑风暴或自我反思已经在一定程度上了解了自己。如果没有的话,花几分钟时间过一下自己的过往活动,起码得知自己性格和学术上的长处和短处在哪里。

第三步: 将学校吸引眼球的点缩减成特质并联系自己
    当申请者挖掘出那么一,两个吸引点后,要学会透过表面看事情本质。因为学校的特色和申请者不可能有直接关系,但是这个特色代表的意义可能和申请者自己的追求不谋而合,就会形成一个fit。

    e.g.威斯康辛麦迪逊分校(University of Wisconsin–Madison)的工程学院标出他们已经连续6年每年都出产超过100个专利。申请者当然不能说这100个专利和自己有什么关系,大部分的申请者不可能有自己的专利,而且就算有也和威斯康辛的100个专利无关。但是透过威斯康辛骄傲地标出自己100个专利出产可以总结出什么这个学校特别专注实验和实践。相信那实验和实践这两个特色是很容易和学生自己产生共鸣的吧。同时,当申请者已经把本质挖掘到这个地步,一般情况下写出来的答案也不会特别空泛。

    所以,在很久前就知道自己的兴趣所在,有目的地开展课外活动,写Essay的时候就倍感轻松呢 !

第四步;融合和证明
    证明不能只靠说的。当前三步骤做完后就剩下去创造一篇有力度的文章去证明申请者的fit了。在这里每个申请者都有自己的风格和习惯。

    之前做的一切research、自我反省都是为了找到自己和学校的联系点,列出你峥嵘岁月中熠熠闪光的经历,折服招生官吧!祝大家好运!
以下是TOP60大学中部分需要递交Why Essay哒!

1 耶鲁大学
2 哥伦比亚大学
3 芝加哥大学
4 宾夕法尼亚大学
5 西北大学
6 布朗大学
7 莱斯大学
8 圣母大学
9 卡内基梅隆大学
10 塔夫茨大学
11 乔治亚理工学院
12 理海大学
13 波士顿大学
14 杜兰大学
15 南方卫理公会大学
16 雪城大学
 

UC Essays
    加州大学系统的两篇文章应该是众多申请者都会遇到的,相对于很多大学的文书来说,UC的文书问题应该是属于比较直接的。要求是两篇加起来不得超过1000字,两道题目任意分配字数,但是任何一篇不得少于250字。

第一道题目
    描述你来自的世界,并告诉我们你的世界如何塑造了你的梦想和追求。

    一个17,18岁的少年除非有特别的成长经历不然他的世界就是靠他的学校,家庭,和社区所塑造的。所以在这里不需要担心会不会写家庭很俗套,因为这是必然的。

    但是想提醒申请者不要写我的世界是中国,然后写中国传统美德,因为一个17岁小孩很难靠自己一个人去代表整个文化文明。

    其实这道题目更加重要的是后面半句,你的梦想和追求。我建议申请者先去寻找自己的梦想,这个梦想可以是学术的,个人的,也可以是和社会相关的。找到梦想后去反思这个梦想的起源就可以找到世界和这个梦想的关系了。(总是有了目标就很容易推进了呢,小编一日三省吾生,早饭吃什么,午饭吃什么,晚饭吃什么,好烦恼的。如果说想好吃卤肉饭,那就只要想,是早饭吃呢,还是午饭,晚饭吃?是不是容易多了?)

第二道题目
    描述一个自身的品质,能力,成就,贡献,或经历。为什么这个经历对你很重要?

    这篇文章更加靠近真正意义的个人陈述。谨记大学是希望通过文书来了解申请者的为人,所以这一篇必须要达到个人化。这一篇文章也要透露出申请者的成长和反思,并运用语言去展示给大学看你的成长。分析你的行为所带来对自身和他人的影响,并表述出你的批判式思维能力。

Community Essay
    这类的题目范例有如:
    University of Michigan
    Everyone belongs to many differentcommunities and/or groups defined by (among other things) shared geography,religion, ethnicity, income, cuisine, interest, race, ideology, or intellectual heritage. Choose one of the communities to which you belong, and describe thatcommunity and your place within it. Brown
We all exist within communities or groups of various sizes,origins, and purposes; pick one and tell us why it is important to you, and how it has shaped you. Community essay
    问题主  要分两部分,第一部分是描述这个你所归属的社区群体,第二部分是这个community对你的影响。同学们很容易苦恼找不到合适的community写。建议大家不要被这个词限制住了,这个“社区”不一定要是学校的社团,或是志愿者团队这些,而可以是更广泛的在兴趣上理念上志同道合的圈子。比如我往年的学生就有写过如网上的化学实验论坛,美剧翻译团队等等。主要是在于这个地方给你的归属感源自哪里?文章中需要学生有联系自身的解释。
    实在想不到,就回顾一下一周内,花时间最多的地方是哪里?最开心的时候一般是在参与什么活动?别说睡觉吃饭打游戏啊(╯-_-)╯╧╧而文章的第二部分,通过这样的一个圈子/环境,你的个人成长在哪里?很多同学一听到团队就会想着说我锻炼了领导能力,组织能力和团队合作能力,这当然可以是一个方向;但为了体现你选择写的community的独特性,我一般推荐学生写一些更personal的成长,如对于自己的认识的加深,思考模式的形成等等。

    嗯,严肃脸,一个人的成熟不是对每件事情都有自己的看法,而是有自己成型的三观体系对看待不同的人、事!

    TOP60大学中部分需要递交Community Essay的:麻省理工学院、塔夫茨大学

Activity Essay
    这类的题目范例有如: Princeton, Rice, Vassar and etc.:Pleasebriefly elaborate on one of your extracurricular activities or work experiencesthat was particularly meaningful to you.   USC: Briefly describe a non-academic pursuit (such as service tocommunity or family, a club or sport, or work, etc.,) that best illustrates whoyou are, and why it is important to you.

    活动文章一般都比较短100-200字之间,在写的时候可以先考虑其他的文章提到的关于你的方面,然后选择一个可以没有提到的侧面写。活动应该选择一个比较长时间的追求的,不应该是只做过一次性的活动。活动不一定要是个人成就,奖项或是对社区有重大影响的,往年不乏有学生写最平常的活动如跑步,写作,瑜伽等对他们的意义录取的。(不一定要去山区支教好几个假期,也不一定要每个双休日都在敬老院服务,坚持写作和运动都是表现你毅力、自我控制和时间规划的有力佐证,事不贵在难,贵在坚持!) 活动文章字数本来就比较少,需要注意不要一味地描写活动的细节。招生官其实并不注重如何拉好小提琴,或是辩论比赛有几轮,各个辩手的职责在哪里,他们注重你在这个活动中具体做了什么,为什么这个活动对你重要,它对你有什么样的影响。(注意重点,一定要以自己的成长或感受为重!)

    以下是TOP60大学中需要递交Acitivity Essay哒~
1 普林斯顿大学
2 哥伦比亚大学
3 莱斯大学
4 范德堡大学
5 宾州州立大学帕克校区
 
    最后,整理了下TOP15大学的Essay Topic,相信其中肯定有你们想申请的学校啦!

    1、哈佛大学
    You may wish toinclude an additional essay if you feel that the college application forms donot provide sufficient opportunity to convey important information aboutyourself or your accomplishments. You may write on a topic of your choice, oryou may choose from one of the following topics:
- Unusual circumstances in your life - Travel or living experiences in other countries
 - What you would want your future college roommate to know about you
- An intellectual experience (course, project, book, discussion, paper, poetry,or research topic in engineering, mathematics, science or other modes ofinquiry) that has meant the most to you -How you hope touse your college education - A list of books you have read during the past twelve months

    2、普林斯顿大学
    Please brieflyelaborate on one of your extracurricular activities or work experiences thatwas particularly meaningful to you. (About 150 words)
    Please tell us howyou have spent the last two summers (or vacations between school years),including any jobs you have held. (About 150 words)
    In addition to the essay youhave written for the Common Application, please write an essay of about 500words (no more than 650 words and no less than 250 words).
    Using one of thethemes below as a starting point, write about a person, event, or experiencethat helped you define one of your values or in some way changed how you approachthe world. Please do not repeat, in full or in part, the essay you wrote forthe Common Application.
    1. Tell us about a person who has influenced you in asignificant way.
    2. “One of the great challenges of our time is that thedisparities we face today have more complex causes and point lessstraightforwardly to solutions.” Omar Wasow, Assistant Professor, Politics;Founder, Blackplanet.com This quote is taken from Professor Wasow's January2014 speech at the Martin Luther King Day celebration at PrincetonUniversity.
    3. “Princeton in the Nation’s Service” was the title of a speechgiven by Woodrow Wilson on the 150th anniversary of the University. It becamethe unofficial Princeton motto and was expanded for the University’s 250thanniversary to “Princeton in the nation’s service and in the service of allnations.” Woodrow Wilson, Princeton Class of 1879, served on the faculty andwas Princeton’s president from 1902–1910.
    4. “Culture is what presents us withthe kinds of valuable things that can fill a life. And insofar as we canrecognize the value in those things and make them part of our lives, our livesare meaningful.” Gideon Rosen, Stuart Professor of Philosophy, chair of theCouncil of the Humanities and director of the Program in Humanistic Studies,Princeton University.
   5. Using a favorite quotation from an essay or book youhave read in the last three years as a starting point, tell us about an eventor experience that helped you define one of your values or changed how youapproach the world. Please write the quotation, title and author at thebeginning of your essay. Please attach a document ifyou wish to provide details of circumstances or qualifications not reflected inthe application.

    3、耶鲁大学
    Please answer thefollowing question in 100 words or less.1.) What in particular about Yale hasinfluenced your decision to apply?
    Please respond in250 characters (roughly 40 words) or fewer to each of the questions below: 2a.)What excites you intellectually, really?
    2b.) Think about adisappointment you have experienced. What was your response?
    2c.) Suite-styleliving - four to six students sharing a set of rooms - may be an integral partof your Yale College experience. What would you contribute to the dynamic ofyour suite?
    2d.) What do youwish you were better at being or doing?
    3.) Please list here any testsyou have taken to date, other than those already listed in the Testing sectionof the Common Application, such as AMC 12, AMC 10, AIME, Fermat, A-  Levels, etc.Include the name of the test, the date taken, and the score received for eachone.
    4.) If any of your educationprior to secondary school has taken place outside of the country where youcurrently reside, please list the dates of attendance, institution, country andlanguage of instruction.
    5a.) In this essay, pleasereflect on something you would like us to know about you that we might notlearn from the rest of your application, or on something about which you wouldlike to say more. You may write about anything—from personal experiences orinterests to intellectual pursuits. (Please answer in 500 words or less).Before you begin, we encourage you to go tohttp://admissions.yale.edu/essay,where you will find helpful advice.

    4. 哥伦比亚大学
    What singleactivity listed in the activity section of your Common Application are you mostproud of and why? (150 words or less)
    List the titles ofthe required readings from courses during the school year or summer that youenjoyed most in the past year. (150 words or less)
    List the titles of the booksyou read for pleasure that you enjoyed most in the past year. (150 words orless)
    List the titles of the print,electronic publications and websites you read regularly. (150 words or less)
    List the titles of the films,concerts, shows, exhibits, lectures and other entertainments you enjoyed mostin the past year. (150 words or less)
    Please tell us what you findmost appealing about Columbia and why. (300 words or less)
    Please review our instructionson supplementary materialsand note that submission is not required. If youare submitting a professional resume for Architecture, Creative Writing,    Dramaand Theater Arts or Film Studies, please upload it here.
    Hint: A .pdf fileunder 500 KB in size will be accepted. Please review our instructionson supplementary materials and note that submission is not required. If you aresubmitting a science research abstract, please upload it here.

    5. 芝加哥大学
    Choose one of the six extended essay options and upload a one- or two- page response. What's so odd about odd numbers?
    - Inspired by Mario Rosasco, Class of 2009 In French, there is no difference between “conscience” and “consciousness.” InJapanese, there is a word that specifically refers to the splittable woodenchopsticks you get at restaurants. The German word “fremdschämen” encapsulatesthe feeling you get when you’re embarrassed on behalf of someone else. All ofthese require explanation in order to properly communicate their meaning, andare, to varying degrees, untranslatable. Choose a word, tell us what it means,and then explain why it cannot (or should not) be translated from its originallanguage. - Inspired by Emily Driscoll, an incoming student in the Class of 2018 Little pigs, french hens, a family of bears. Blind mice, musketeers, the Fates.Parts of an atom, laws of thought, a guideline for composition. Omne triumperfectum? Create your own group of threes, and describe why and how they fittogether. - Inspired by Zilin Cui, an incoming student in the Class of 2018 Were pH an expression of personality, what would be your pH and why? (Feel freeto respond acidly! Do not be neutral, for that is base!) - Inspired by Joshua Harris, Class of 2016 A neon installation by the artist Jeppe Hein in UChicago’s Charles M. HarperCenter asks this question for us: “Why are you here and not somewhere else?”(There are many potential values of “here”, but we already know you're “here”to apply to the University of Chicago; pick any “here” besides that one). - Inspiredby Erin Hart, Class of 2016 In the spirit of adventurous inquiry, pose a question of your own. If yourprompt is original and thoughtful, then you should have little trouble writinga great essay. Draw on your best qualities as a writer, thinker, visionary,social critic, sage, citizen of the world, or future citizen of the Universityof Chicago; take a little risk, and have fun. How does the University of Chicago, as you know it now, satisfy your desire fora particular kind of learning, community, and future? Please address with somespecificity your own wishes and how they relate to UChicago. (Optional) Share with us a fewof your favorite books, poems, authors, films, plays, pieces of music,musicians, performers, paintings, artists, blogs, magazines, or newspapers.Feel free to touch on one, some, or all of the categories listed, or add a categoryof your own.

    6. 麻省理工学院
    Please tell usmore about your cultural background and identity in the space below (100 wordlimit).
    If you need more than 100 words, please use the Optional section onPart 2.
    11a) We know youlead a busy life, full of activities, many of which are required of you. Tellus about something you do simply for the pleasure of it.
    11b) Although you may not yetknow what you want to major in, which department or program at MIT appeals toyou and why?
    12a) What attribute of yourpersonality are you most proud of, and how has it impacted your life so far?This could be your creativity, effective leadership, sense of humor, integrity,or anything else you’d like to tell us about.
    12b) Describe the world youcome from; for example, your family, clubs, school, community, city, or town.How has that world shaped your dreamsand aspirations?
    12c) Tell us about the most significantchallenge you’ve faced or something important that didn’t go according to plan.How did you manage the situation?

    7. 斯坦福大学
    Stanford studentspossess an intellectual vitality. Reflect on an idea or experience that hasbeen important to your intellectual development. (100 to 250 words)
Virtually all ofStanford's undergraduates live on campus. Write a note to your future roommatethat reveals something about you or that will help your roommate -- and us --know you better. (100 to 250 words)
    What matters to you, and why?(100 to 250 words)

    8. 杜克大学
    Duke Universityseeks a talented, engaged student body that embodies the wide range of humanexperience; we believe that the diversity of our students makes our communitystronger. If you'd like to share a perspective you bring or experiences you'vehad to help us understand you better-perhaps related to a community you belongto, your sexual orientation or gender identity, or your family or culturalbackground-we encourage you to do so. Real people are reading your application,and we want to do our best to understand and appreciate the real peopleapplying to Duke. (250 word limit)
    Duke will learnabout your extracurricular involvement through the Activities section of theCommon Application. If you wish to include a brief resume you may include ithere.

    9. 宾夕法尼亚大学
    The AdmissionsCommittee would like to learn why you are a good fit for your undergraduateschool choice (College of Arts and Sciences, School of Nursing, The WhartonSchool, or Penn Engineering).
    Please tell us about specific academic, service,and/or research opportunities at the University of Pennsylvania that resonatewith your background, interests, and goals. (400-650 words) If you wish tosubmit a resume, please upload it here (not required).

    10. 加州理工学院
    Please list threebooks, along with their authors, that have been particularly meaningful to you.For each book, please include a sentence explaining their influence upon you.Please note that your response is not limited to math, science orschool-assigned texts. Members of the Caltech community live, learn, and work within an Honor Systemwith one simple guideline; 'No member shall take unfair advantage of any othermember of the Caltech community.' While seemingly simple, questions of ethics,honesty and integrity are sometimes puzzling. Share a difficult situation thathas challenged you. What was your response, and how did you arrive at asolution? (200 word max)
    Caltech students have longbeen known for their quirky sense of humor, whether it be through planningcreative pranks, building elaborate party sets, or even the year-longpreparation that goes into our annual Ditch Day. Please describe an unusual wayin which you have fun. (200 word max)
    In an increasingly global andinterdependent society, there is a need for diversity in thought, background,and experience in science, technology, engineering and mathematics. How do yousee yourself contributing to the diversity of Caltech's community? (200 wordmax)
    Scientific exploration clearlyexcites you. Beyond our 3:1 student-to-faculty ratio and our intense focus onresearch opportunities, how do you believe Caltech will best fuel yourintellectual curiosity and help you meet your goals? (500 word max)
    If you need additional space,please explain using the upload function button below. Please do not attach aresume or upload research papers. Caltech will email you an applicationconfirmation with information on how to upload research papers through yourstudent portal.

    11、达特茅斯学院
    We’d like to knowa little more about you. To that end, please choose one of the followingquestions and write a short response in the space below. Every name tells a story:
Tell us about your name--any name: first, middle,last, nickname--and its origin. Tell us about an intellectual experience, either directly related to yourschoolwork or not, that you found particularly meaningful. When you meet someone for the first time, what do you want them to know aboutyou, but generally don’t tell them? Describe the influence your hero has had on your life. We believe it is critical that your candidacy reflect the interests,experiences and pursuits that are most important to you. To this end, is thereanything else you would like us to know?

    12. 西北大学
    What are the unique qualities of Northwestern - and of the specificundergraduate school to which you are applying - that make you want to attendthe University? In what ways do you hope to take advantage of the qualities youhave identified? (300 word maximum)
 
    13. 约翰霍普金斯大学
     Johns HopkinsUniversity was founded in 1876 on a spirit of exploration and discovery. As aresult, students can pursue a multi-dimensional undergraduate experience bothin and outside of the classroom. Given the opportunities at Hopkins, pleasediscuss your current interests—academic or extracurricular pursuits, personalpassions, summer experiences, etc.—and how you will build upon them here. (300-500Word limit)

    14. 布朗大学
    Why are you drawnto the area(s) of study you indicated in our Member Section, earlier in thisapplication? If you are "undecided" or not sure which Brownconcentrations match your interests, consider describing more generally theacademic topics or modes of thought that engage you currently. (150 word limit) Tell us where youhave lived - and for how long - since you were born; whether you've alwayslived in the same place, or perhaps in a variety of places. (100 word limit)
We all exist withincommunities or groups of various sizes, origins, and purposes; pick one andtell us why it is important to you, and how it has shaped you. (150 word limit) Why Brown? (200 word limit)


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